Friday, 26 June 2015

Малиновый чай.

И НА МАРСЕ БУДУТ ЯБЛОНИ ЦВЕСТИ... - Баня для ... малины
Я уже давно не кручу по одной, времени много отнимает.
Держу секунд 5 в дуршлаге, над кипящей кастрюлей, потом высыпаю на доску и мну все сразу, как тесто.
Потом складываю лепешками и на ферментацию.

ферментация и сушка чая. особенности видов чая : производство чая :: чай


How to grow an amelanchier lamarckii.

Tuesday, 23 June 2015

Rhubarb Garden Spray.

How to Make Rhubarb Garden Spray: 5 Steps (with Pictures):
Rhubarb doesn’t just taste delicious, the leaves of the plant can also provide a natural pesticide for your garden.

- "Dilute. The solution should be diluted 1 part solution and 9 parts water; in other words, add 9 litres / 2.3 gallons water to create the spray."

Using Rhubarb Pesticide
Use this pesticide for controlling aphids, slugs, caterpillars etc that crawl on the leaf of your decorative (non edible) plants.
As mentioned, do not use this pesticide on edible crops.
Though a good wash may remove the poison, I would not recommend testing it.
And a reminder not to use it if you have dogs who may lick or chew the plants you are spraying.

Rhubarb Spray
1 cup rhubarb leaves
6.5 cups water
¼ cup liquid dish detergent or soap flakes
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How To Make a Garlic Braid (illustrated)

Bloomingfields Farm Garlic - - How To Make a Garlic Braid (illustrated) - -: "Garlic Braid "

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Slug and others. Garlic Spray

Ruin the meal
If a very determined slug has reached your hosta or young sunflower, make sure you sorely disappoint them by serving up a garlic-tastic dish.
Garlic Spray
- Crush the cloves from two garlic bulbs into a saucepan of boiling water,
- add chilli powder,
- and leave to simmer (with the lid on and the windows open) for half an hour.
Decant into a spray bottle, and spray all over your plants. This spray also works as an insect repellant for other plants such as roses. Research has shown that slugs hate the scent and taste of garlic oil and will leave their prey well alone.

chemical free home made pesticides

rhubarb leaves can be used either as a cure or prevention for blight (I'm not sure which) he said to soak the leaves in water and then dilute 20:1, but he didn't say whether to spray before the blight strikes or when it is present, is this an old wives tale, or has anyone else tried it or even heard of it?

12 Organic Fertilizers.

12 Organic Fertilizers & Natural Bug Repellants | WebEcoist:
Tomato leaves are packed with alkaloids, which can be an effective repellant for aphids, corn earworms and Diamondback moths.
Go Green Ninja recommends soaking 1 to 2 cups of chopped or mashed tomato leaves in two cups of water overnight, straining it through a fine mesh and adding two more cups of water before spraying it on the plants in your garden.
Keep this mixture away from pets, as tomato leaves can be toxic.

1. Castile Soap Spray Insecticide

Is there anything castile soap can’t do?
The gentle vegetable oil-based soap makes a gentle and effective insecticidal spray for the garden. Dr. Bronner’s, the company that makes the most prevalent brand of castile soap, recommends filling a spray bottle with water and adding a tablespoon of either unscented or peppermint castile soap and a pinch of either cayenne pepper, cinnamon or powdered garlic.
This mixture will kill aphids, mealybugs, whiteflies and spider mites.

2. Manure

There are few things better for enriching the soil in your garden than plain old rotted manure.
You can purchase bags of manure fertilizer at most garden centers or, if you have chickens, goats or rabbits as backyard pets, you can use their droppings, too.
Rabbit droppings have the highest nitrogen content and can safely be added directly to soil, but droppings from other animals should be composted before use.

3. Garlic Spray Insecticide

Garlic spray acts as a deterrent, encouraging insects to move on to more appetizing plants.
Unlike many other types of insecticidal garden sprays, garlic can safely be applied to the leaves of plants.
Drop the cloves from an entire bulb of garlic into the blender along with two cups of water, puree until finely blended and set it aside for a day.
Then, strain out the pulp, mix the garlic liquid with a gallon of water and add it to a sprayer.

4. Nettle Tea

Nettles aren’t a pleasant plant to brush up against – their leaves are covered in stinging hairs that inject histamine and other chemicals into the skin, producing a stinging sensation. But dig them up (with gloves on, of course), put them in a 5-gallon bucket, cover them with water and in three to four weeks you’ll have glorious liquid plant food that experts swear by. has the full recipe.

5. Tomato Leaf Spray

Tomato leaves are packed with alkaloids, which can be an effective repellant for aphids, corn earworms and Diamondback moths. Recommends soaking 1 to 2 cups of chopped or mashed tomato leaves in two cups of water overnight, straining it through a fine mesh and adding two more cups of water before spraying it on the plants in your garden. Keep this mixture away from pets, as tomato leaves can be toxic.

6. Egg Shells as Fertilizer & Pest Repellant

Egg shells are a multi-purpose aid in the garden, acting as both fertilizer and pest repellant. Add crushed eggshells to the bottom of planting holes, particularly when planting tomatoes, peppers and eggplant, or dry them out and blend them into a fine powder and spread them around the base of plants. Placing crushed eggshells (with sharp edges intact) in a ring around the base of a plant will deter slugs, snails and cutworms.

7. Slug Beer Trap

Put a little beer in a saucer or yogurt cup (buried to the brim) in your garden, and slugs will come out from all over for an all-night yeast-consuming fest. Too bad they’ll fall in and drown, but hey – otherwise, they’d be eating all of your precious garden plants. Simple, cheap and the perfect way to dispose of all the dregs left behind after a party.

8. Coffee Grounds as Fertilizer

Don’t toss those used coffee grounds! They could be adding lots of nourishing nitrogen to your soil. Contrary to popular belief, used coffee grounds are not acidic; they can act as a safe substitute for nitrogen-rich manure in the compost pile. They can also be mixed into soil as an amendment or spread onto the surface of the soil.

9. Hot Pepper Spray

Hot pepper is a natural deterrent for many types of pests in the garden. To make your own homemade pepper spray, combine 6-10 hot peppers and two cups of water in a blender and blend on high speed for 1-2 minutes, pour the liquid into a storage container to sit overnight and then strain out the pulp. Add this liquid to one quart of water in a sprayer, and spray your plants liberally every week or after each rain.

10.Grass Clippings

Want a beautiful, effortlessly green lawn? Don’t pick up those grass clippings when you mow the lawn! It’s that simple. Grass clippings are free fertilizer, adding precious nitrogen back to the soil. Short grass clippings decompose quickly, so as long as you mow often enough, they won’t stick around so long that they build up to unmanageable levels.

11. Beneficial Nematodes

It sounds illogical, but sometimes, adding more bugs to your garden will help decrease the total population. Beneficial nematodes are tiny organisms that can kill hundreds of species of soil-dwelling insects including notorious garden pests like weevils, cucumber beetles and vine borers. You can buy them online, or at your local garden center. To use them you water your garden, then mix the packet of live nematodes with cool distilled water according to the directions on the package. Pour the solution into a sprayer and apply it to the soil.

12. Compost

Compost is the single easiest and most effective way to make your garden lush and productive, and all it takes is your kitchen scraps and some nitrogen-rich dry materials like grass, leaves or straw. You can compost even if you live in an apartment – get some urban composting tips here.
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Homemade Acidic Fertilizer

Homemade Acidic Fertilizer: look at Picture of Homemade Acidic Fertilizer!
In fact plants acidic fertilizer is also important as that of organic fertilizers for plants (azaleas,roses,rhododendrons, blueberry, hibiscus and other acid-loving plants) needs acidic fertilizers.
For instance,eggshells are almost 100% calcium carbonate, one of the main ingredients in agricultural lime; vinegar has acetic acid; & coffee not only lowers your soil pH ,it also enriches it with nitrogen,magnesium and potassium.
Too much use of fertilizer can make soil too acidic so thee fertilizers should be used in a limit.

- Epsom Salt Fertilizer
- Coffee Ground Fertilizer
- Egg Shell Fertilizer
- Vinegar Fertilizer
- Fish Tank Fertilizer

Are some of the accidic fertilizers wich can be made in home with less cost for plants.

Epsom salt fertilizer:use in place vegetable plants,rose plant, peppers,houseplants
- 1 table spoon Epsom salt
- 1 gallon (4.5 liter)of water
combine the Epsom salt and water and use this solution to water your plants.repeat once a month. Epsom salt is made up of magnesium and sulphate-both vital plant nutrients.

Coffee ground fertilizer
- used coffee grounds
- newspaper
spread news paper.
then spread used coffee grounds out on the paper and allow them to dry completely in sunlight for about 2-3 days.
sprinkle the coffee ground around the base of your rose plant.
- If coffee grounds are going to be spread upon the soil, why bother drying them?
- Contrary to popular belief, used coffee grounds are not acidic; they can act as a safe substitute for nitrogen-rich manure in the compost pile. They can also be mixed into soil as an amendment or spread onto the surface of the soil.

Coffee grounds can be an excellent addition to a compost pile. The grounds are relatively rich in nitrogen, providing bacteria the energy they need to turn organic matter into compost. About 2 percent nitrogen by volume, used coffee grounds can be a safe substitute for nitrogen-rich manure in the compost pile.

Egg shell fertilizer:
Egg shells
save your egg shells and allow them to dry.
place the dried shell in the blender and pulse until they are turned to fine powder.
Sprinkle in your garden.
Eggshells are made up almost calcium carbonate.

Vinegar fertilizer:
1 table spoon white vinegar
1 gallon of water

combine the white vinegar and water.
use the solution to water your plants.
repeat every three months.
the acetic acid in vinegar works to increase the acidity of the soil.
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How to Make Homemade Insecticidal Soap for Plants.

How to Make Homemade Insecticidal Soap for Plants | Today's Homeowner:

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Что такое ремонтантная земляника. Everbearing strawberry.

Что такое ремонтантная земляника:
"Ремонтантные сорта земляники садовой образуют ягоды постоянно, начиная с середины мая и до первых заморозков.
Самый большой урожай они дают в первые два года выращивания.
В последующие годы количество ягод резко сокращается, и требуется замена всей плантации.

Также большинство садоводов считает, ремонтантная земляника немного уступает по своим вкусовым качествам обычным одноразовым сортам.
Вот эти два фактора и влияют на то, что ремонтантную землянику выращивают намного реже, чем обыкновенную.

Стоит отметить, что у ремонтантной земляники довольно много достоинств, и они перевешивают недостатки.
Некоторые сорта этого вида размножаются только семенами, другие - и усами и семенами, что дает возможность полностью передать родительские свойства молодым растениям.
Садовая и ремонтантная земляника относится к различным типам одного и того же растения.
Ремонтантная может образовывать и формировать соцветия при длинном шестнадцати - семнадцати часовом световом дне и высокой температуре, а обычная – при коротком дне продолжительностью в десять - двенадцать часов и низкой температуре.

Ремонтантные сорта образовывают больше листьев и рожков.
Также на каждом рожке закладывается намного больше цветов, чем у обычных сортов.
А поскольку они развиваются в условиях длинного дня, то происходит это гораздо быстрее, то есть всего за 15 – 20 дней.

Первый сбор плодов у ремонтантной земляники составляет от пятнадцати до тридцати процентов от всего урожая.
Во второй сбор собирают около семидесяти процентов.
Стоит помнить, что крупноплодная ремонтантная земляника образует ягоды не только на маточных усах, но и розетках усов, что сильно увеличивает урожай.
Хороший посадочный материал и правильный уход дадут возможность наслаждаться этой ягодой в течение нескольких месяцев."

Everbearing strawberry varieties:
Everbearing strawberry varieties aren’t really “everbearing.”
They generally produce two harvests per year: one in the spring and another in the late summer or fall.
Under ideal conditions, it is possible for some everbearing strawberry varieties to produce three berry harvests.
Most everbearing strawberry types are also Fragaria x ananassa hybrids, but some are of the species Fragaria vesca.
In general, everbearing strawberry varieties put out less runners than the June bearing varieties, as most of the plants productive energy is directed toward producing multiple strawberry harvests.
Everbearing strawberry varieties are often planted using the hill system or in locations where space is limited.

Strawberry Mara de Bois is bursting with the aromatic flavours of its alpine heritage!
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4 Ways to Test Soil pH

4 Ways to Test Soil pH - wikiHow:
- Testing Soil pH Using Red Cabbage
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How to grow and care for hydrangeas

Gardening | How to grow and care for hydrangeas:

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Ericaceous (lime-hating) plants.

Ericaceous (lime-hating) plants |
"Ericaceous plants and other acid lovers

Plants, like rhododendrons, are classed as ericaceous. Others are acid loving and prefer to grow in an acidic soil.


Azalea, Blueberry, Camellia, Calluna, Enkianthus, Gaultheria, Kalmia, Pieris, Rhododendron.


Acer (Japanese maple), Magnolia (except M. x loebneri and M. stellata), Raspberries, Skimmia."

Pests and Diseases

Ericaceous plants are rarely troubled by pests and diseases except for aphids (green fly) which distort the young growths: these should be controlled either with a systemic insecticide or regular treatments with a proprietary soap treatment. Mildew, if it occurs, is best controlled using a systemic fungicide.

Sometimes, the roots and underground stems may be nibbled by vine weevil grubs. The adult weevils leave irregular-shaped notches in the leaf margins during the summer while the white legless grubs are likely to be found among the roots which they eat, causing the plants to wilt in severe cases. “Provado Vine Weevil Killer” is an effective control for plants in containers.

If lime is present in the soil or compost, the plants will suffer from iron deficiency: the usual symptoms are ‘yellowing’ of the leaves and very slow rate of growth. Treat with a solution of sequestered iron.

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Tuesday, 2 June 2015

Rubus arcticus.

Rubus arcticus - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia:
A measure of the quality of its fruit is expressed in its Russian name княженика, signifying the "berry of princes".

- Graham Rice's new plants blog - dwarf patio raspberries / RHS Gardening:

- Raspberry 'Ruby Beauty'™ (Summer Fruiting) - Thompson & Morgan Offers - Thompson & Morgan:

- Княженика:
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Хлебная болтушка.

Садовое обозрение - Хлебная болтушка:
"Хотя и не раз писала о том, как из остатков хлеба можно приготовить эффективный стимулятор роста для растений, повторяю по просьбе дачников и дачниц, владельцев садов и огородов.

Из остатков хлеба, что собраны и засушены в течение всей зимы, злаковых отрубей и даже остатков комбикорма, можно приготовить хлебную болтушку. Конечно, она кормит не сами растения, а почвенные бактерии, благодаря которым растения усваивают питательные вещества. Важно, чтобы на хлебных остатках не было плесени, поэтому все корочки сушите сразу, а не ждите, когда хлеб совсем испортится.

Готовят болтушку просто: сухари или отруби залить теплой водой, дать разбухнуть, размешать до стояния жидкой кашицы.

Болтушку добавляют в зеленое удобрение, ею поливают ослабленные растения.
Особенно хорошо реагируют пионы, розы, томаты и огурцы в теплице.
Самый лучший способ: порыхлить почву, полить болтушкой и еще раз порыхлить, затем положить мульчу.
Например, чуть подсушенную газонную траву, или даже пару веников из крапивы."
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