Monday, 29 July 2013

Клубника и огурцы.

Вкусный Огород: Посадка и уход за клубникой:
вырастить рассаду земляники из усов подлежащих удалению.

Побеги (усы), желательно подлиннее, отрезают от куста, наматывают на указательный палец, а затем осторожно, чтобы не размотались витки, садят на грядку в неглубокие лунки. Размещают такие спиральки на расстоянии 8-10 см друг от друга, не засыпая верхушку с листочками. Участок для школки лучше найти в затененном месте, например, под деревом.
выращиваю огурцы на обычной грядке прямо на земле.
Место под огурцы выбираю еще осенью обязательно с учетом севооборота, так, чтобы их предшественниками были помидоры, лук или капуста, и года 3-4 на этом месте не было огурцов, арбузов и дынь. На выбранную грядку (шириной 1 м, длиной 5 м) вношу перегной куриного помета – 1 ведро, перегной из компоста – 1-2 ведра, и песок – 5 ведер. Песок вношу, потому что почва на моей даче очень тяжелая, а огурчики этого не любят. Осеннюю перекопку грядок я не делаю, а оставляю так все до весны.
Рядом по обе стороны с грядкой огурцов, как правило, располагаю грядки редиски или салата. Когда в июне урожай этих культур будет собран, освободившееся место как раз понадобится для разрастающихся плетей огурцов.
Причем прямо по грядкам редиски или салата на расстоянии 1,5-2 м от грядки огурцов с каждой стороны высаживаю кукурузу. Она не только даст осенью хороший урожай вкусных початков, но и будет все лето защищать огурчики от холодных ветров и чрезмерно жгучего солнца, создавая тем самым для них отличный микроклимат.
Дважды за сезон делаю для огурцов жидкие подкормки. Первый раз в конце мая – начале июня, когда на огурцах появятся 2-3 настоящих листика, а второй раз – в начале июля. За несколько часов перед жидкой подкормкой грядка огурцов должна быть полита, или нужно делать подкормки после хорошего дождика.

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Sunday, 28 July 2013

Planning your plot.

General |

The traditional 3 plant families
If your plot is rather small - or you use only parts of it for vegetable growing - it would be adviceable to go with the traditional 3 family plan. In this plan the crop is divided into the following groups:
- Roots, Beetroot, Carrot, Chicory, Jerusalem Artichoke, Parsnip, Potato, Salsify and Scorzonera
- Brassicas, Broccoli, Brussels sprouts, Cabbage, Cauliflower, Kale, Kohl Rabi, Radish, Swede and Turnip
- Others, Aubergine, Bean, Capsicum, Celeriac, Celery, Cucumber, Leek, Lettuce, Marrow, Onion, Pea, Spinach, Sweet Corn and Tomato.
Each plant family has different needs - and the soil where you plan to grow them should be treated differently. In the following, manuring means adding manure to the top soil, and italics indicates an must have need.
Roots. Do not add manure. Do not lime. Rake in a general purpose fertilizer about 2 weeks before sowing or planting.
Brassicas. Add some manure or compost, partucularly to soil short of humus. Lime the soil, unless you are sure it’s already alkaline. Rake in a general purpose fertilizer about 2 weeks before sowing or planting.
Others. Add a liberal amount of manure or compost. Lime - but only if the soil is known to be acid. Rake in a general purpose fertilizer about 2 weeks before sowing or planting.
The 4-family system
Recently some gardeners organisations have started implementing and recommending a 4-family system. In this system, potatoes and other plants from the night shadow family of plants, and plants requiring similar treatment has been moved out into their own group.
The groups now look like this:
Potatoes, Courgettes, Marrow, Peppers, Pumpkins and Tomatoes.
Legumes, Beans, Peas and Green manure.
Brassicas, Broccoli, Brussels sprouts, Cabbage, Cauliflower, Kale, Kohl Rabi, Radish, Swede and Turnip
Roots and Onions, Beetroot, Parsnips, Carrots, Onions, Shallots, Garlic and Leeks
The recommended soil preparation for the 4 groups looks like this:
Potatoes. Add manure or compost. Do not lime. Rake in a general fertilizer about 2 weeks before sowing or planting.
Legumes. Add a liberal amount of manure or compost. Lime - but only if the soil is known to be acid. Rake in a general purpose fertilizer about 2 weeks before sowing or planting
Brassicas. Add some manure or compost, partucularly to soil short of humus. Lime the soil, unless you are sure it’s already alkaline. Rake in a general purpose fertilizer about 2 weeks before sowing or planting.
Roots and onions. Do not add manure. Do not lime. Rake in a general purpose fertilizer about 2 weeks before sowing or planting.

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Saturday, 27 July 2013

Lower Lovetts Farm. Richard Sandford.

BBC Two - Gardeners' World, 2012, Episode 25:
"Monty was certainly impressed by the quality of Richard Sandford’s organic tomatoes. So what’s the secret of his success? Here are a few tips from the man himself.

All of Richard’s plants are grown in 25cm (10in) terracotta pots half-filled with his own compost. The pots are placed directly onto the sandy floor of his polytunnel where the roots are allowed to grow through the drainage holes in the bottom. Half-filling the pots means that there is a plenty of room for water to drain through. Pots are spaced 30cm (12in) apart to ensure good air circulation.

Richard also likes to train his plants at an angle to reduce the risk of the leaves being splashed by water. It also allows the fruit to hang down away from their support which, in turn, makes them less likely to be damaged.

Now, for the feeding. Monty was clearly surprised that Richard fed his plants every day. This requires some dedication! And furthermore, he makes all three feeds himself! Nettle feed is high in nitrogen and is used to boost leaf growth at the start of the season. Comfrey feed, on the other hand, is rich in potash and so is best applied when the plants start to fruit. Towards the end of August, when the fruit is in its prime, Richard switches to a daily feed of liquid wood ash. This is very alkaline and will eventually turn the leaves yellow, but what a small price to pay for such magnificent fruit! To make it, he simply steeps some wood ash in a bucket of water for three weeks and gives it a daily stir. The liquid is then drained off and any sediment allowed to settle. The liquid concentrate is then bottled and used at a dilution rate of 1 in 50. The wood ash itself must not come from wood that has been painted or treated with preservative."


Monty Don: Quince among men | From the Observer |
Growing quinces successfully depends upon rich, wet soil, although Jane Grigson says they do well in 'the driest of upland fields and the hottest of small village gardens' in France. Certainly they need sunshine, but don't gamble on the dry-upland bit. If you have a wet patch of ground they will reward you for it. Order or buy a quince now (it is worth shopping around the net and nurseries for the variety you want) and plant it between now and March. Plant it like any other fruit tree - with care but not reverence, digging a wide, but not too deep hole, loosening the subsoil and adding no organic material below the roots but plenty as a mulch on the surface in a 1m-radius around the tree. It will need staking for its first three years but no special care or pruning again in its life other than keeping it weed-free.

Friday, 26 July 2013

Cucumber 'Crystal Lemon'

Cucumber 'Crystal Lemon' Seeds: "Cucumber 'Crystal Lemon' "
Cucumber 'Crystal lemon' is an old-fashioned, delicious tasting round cucumber with fantastic flavour, rather like you might expect from its melon-like shape – very juicy and deliciously mild and sweet.

It is very prolific and easy to grow. Children particularly seem to love Crystal lemon' and it looks lovely on the vine.

Wednesday, 24 July 2013

Болезни томатов.

Из "Практических советов огородникам" Всероссийского НИИ растениеводства им. Н.И. Вавилова, 1993 г:
"Наблюдаемое скручивание листьев томата объясняется несколькими причинами:
- резкими перепадами дневной и ночной температур (разница должна быть в пределах 5-7 град);
- удалением большого количества пасынков или листьев;
- низкой температурой и высокой влажностью ночью."

Если же скручивание листа дополняется утолщением стебля и развитием мощных пасынков, — это признак избытка азота. Избыток азота вредит плодообразованию. Чтобы уменьшить количество азота, достаточно однократно обильно полить растения, чтобы промыть верхний слой почвы.

Tomato blight.

Alys Fowler: Tomato blight, plus the June drop | The Guardian:
- Try to keep leaves dry with some kind of shelter when the weather is wet for more than a day or two.
- Keep outside tomatoes sheltered from the rain if possible – plants hate wet leaves.
- Sometimes over feeding can be an issue, so feeding little and often is another way to keep plants healthy.
- A better approach is to breed tomatoes that won’t succumb to the disease.
- Grow resistant varieties such as: Potatoes 'Axona' or 'Mira' and Tomato 'Ferline','Legend' and 'Fantasio'.

All that said, there is hope for outdoor growers. A wilder Mexican tomato called Matt's Wild Cherry shows signs of resistance; another is Koralik, a sprawling bush tomato (the type where you don't have to pinch out side shoots) closely related to Matt's. Both have tiny cherry tomatoes.

Ferline and Legend are F1 cordons (the type where you do pinch out the side shoots) that were bred in Oregon, where blight is a common problem. They are not immune to blight, but are very early fruiting, so you get a tomato salad or two before your chutney-making begins.

Poor air circulation compounds the problem, so if your plants are in pots, give them plenty of space; in the ground, aim for 1-1.5m apart. There is some anecdotal evidence that a solution of 50/50 milk and water sprayed weekly helps to keep the spores at bay. And feed pot plants weekly with comfrey or liquid seaweed, to keep the plants' strength up.
Tomato ‘Legend
This particular variety was bred in the USA by Dr. Jim Baggett at Oregon State University. In recent tests ‘Legend’ had shown impressive blight tolerance, and in particular during trials in a ‘garden’ situation. It produces large, glossy red fruits with an expected crop of up to 6lbs per plant. The fruit have a slightly flatter shape compared to the norm and come almost completely seedless. Fortunately for most gardeners, best results are produced when the plants were grown outdoors but they are also perfectly fine for growing under glass. They have an excellent flavour and should be sown 6-8 weeks before expected lasts frosts - in the United Kingdom this will be any time from March onwards.

Tomato ‘FERLINE’ F1 Hybrid
Not only has this new variety shown excellent tolerance to ‘Late Blight’, it has also proven itself to be highly resistant against both fusarium wilt and verticillium wilt. As with the new ‘Legend’ cultivar, ‘Ferline’ has also tested extremely well in garden trials. It produces heavy crops – up to 5lbs per plant – of flavoursome, deep red fruits. Although it does well sown outdoors ‘Ferline’ is also suitable for growing under glass.

Tomato ‘FANTASIO’ F1 Hybrid
This is a deliciously flavoured variety that has also trialled well in the garden situation against ‘Late Blight’ infection. In fact it has also shown good resistance to Tobacco Mosaic Virus, Verticilium wilt, Fusarium Wilts, and nematodes too. Tomato ‘Fantastico will bear you a good crop of round fruits, with each plant producing up to around 6lbs of tomatoes.
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Tuesday, 23 July 2013

Using Coffee Grounds in the Garden.

Using Coffee Grounds in the Garden - Uses for Used Coffee Grounds in the Garden:
Coffee grounds are approximately 1.45% nitrogen. They also contain magnesium, calcium, potassium, and other trace minerals.
There are several ways you can put used coffee grounds to work in your garden:

- Put coffee grounds in your compost bin. As noted above, they are a valuable source of nitrogen.
- Add grounds directly to the soil in your garden. You can scratch it into the top couple inches of soil, or just sprinkle the grounds on top and leave it alone.
- Create a slug and snail barrier. Coffee grounds are both abrasive and acidic, so a barrier of grounds placed near slug-prone plants may just save them from these garden pests.
- Make coffee ground "tea." Add two cups of used coffee grounds to a five-gallon bucket of water. Let the "tea" steep for a few hours or overnight. You can use this concoction as a liquid fertilizer for garden and container plants. It also makes a great foliar feed.
- Add coffee grounds to your worm bin. Worms love coffee grounds! Add some to your worm bin every week or so. Just don't add too many at once, because the acidity could bother your worms. A cup or so of grounds per week for a small worm bin is perfect
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Средства защиты растений.

Отвары ботвы томатов против вредителей - Средства защиты растений -
Натуральные инсектициды и удобрения
Ботвой картофеля и помидор мульчируют приствольные круги деревьев. И сорняк она глушит, и вредителей запахом отпугивает. И даже если ботва больна на деревья это повлиять не может. У картошки и помидор общих болезней с яблонями, грушами или сливами нет...
Пасынки от томатов срываю и в бочку с золой и луковой чешуей и поливаю рассаду.
Спрей из томатных листьев
Эффективен при борьбе с тлей, хлопковой совкой, а также капустной молью. Замочите на ночь два стакана измельченных томатных листьев в двух стаканах воды. Утром необходимо процедить настой через марлю или мелкое ситечко, после этого добавить в него еще два стакана воды. Получившуюся смесь вполне можно использовать для борьбы с вредителями в саду. Спрей из томатных листьев отличается слабовыраженной токсичностью, поэтому соблюдайте меры предосторожности – храните состав вне досягаемости для домашних животных и детей..

Спрей с острым перцем
 Возьмите 6-10 стручков острого красного перца и поместите их в блендер, добавьте два стакана воды и хорошенько перемешайте. Далее смесь необходимо перелить в стеклянную чистую емкость и на ночь оставить для настаивания. Утром процедите получившийся настой через марлю, разбавьте одним литром воды. Получившимся средством необходимо опрыскивать растения один раз в неделю или после дождя. Работайте со спреем в перчатках, так как он очень жгучий и смыть его с рук будет достаточно сложно.
Кофейная гуща
Вы любите кофе? Не выбрасывайте кофейную гущу. Она может с успехом применяться не только как скраб для лица и тела, но и в качестве высококачественного удобрения. Добавляйте использованную кофейную гущу в компост и ваша почва обогатится азотом и некоторыми полезными микроэлементами.
Применение золы: удобрение и средство от вредителей
Травяные закваски для подкормки растений
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Monday, 22 July 2013

Огородные подсказки.

После томатов и картофеля хорошо растут капуста, огурцы, кабачки, тыква, бобы, горох, чеснок, свекла, салат, морковь, петрушка, сельдерей, укроп.

На месте огурцов, кабачков, патиссонов можно выращивать редис, капусту, свеклу, лук, чеснок, горох, бобы, помидоры, картофель.

Морковь, укроп, петрушку, сельдерей должны сменить лук, чеснок, бобы, горох, картофель, томаты.

После бобов и гороха можно сажать все культуры.

После лука и чеснока также можно высаживать все, кроме самих этих культур.

New and interesting veg.

New and interesting veg | Life and style |
Also known as the snow or sugar pea, mangetout are a flat-podded variety of pea, eaten whole while the peas within are still very small – hence the French name, which means ‘eat everything’.
Crisp and sweet, they can be served raw, or lightly steamed, boiled or stir-fried.
And here!
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Growing Sweet Potatoes

Growing Sweet Potatoes:
From Tuber to Sweet Potato Vine
Sweet potatoes are grown from rootable cuttings, often called slips.
If you've never grown sweet potatoes before, it can be great fun to grow your own slips from small or medium-size sweet potatoes purchased at the market.
Sweet potato plants are not hardy so you will need to grow them on in warm, frost free conditions for 3 weeks or more until they are established.
Sweet potatoes require high temperatures of 21-26C.
Plant sweet potatoes 30cm apart, leaving 75cm between each row.
One sweet potato will produce between three and five slips.
This process takes about six weeks, so there is no need to hurry.
As the shoots, or slips, grow to 15 cm long, they can be broken off and transplanted to the garden, or to containers if outdoor conditions are too cold.
As long as the soil is kept lightly moist, the slips will develop roots and start growing within two weeks. Six weeks after that, the sweet potato vines will explode with growth and cover the ground with dense foliage.
Even the fastest-maturing sweet potato varieties should be allowed to grow for 90 days before you start looking for harvestable roots.
It is also important to dig sweet potatoes before soil temperatures cool too much.
Fresh sweet potatoes need to be cured for two to three weeks in a warm place.
During this time, wounds to the skin heal over, and the flesh becomes sweeter and more nutritious.
This process continues after curing, during the first months of storage at cool room temperatures, so stored sweet potatoes that are eaten in winter are often the best ones of the year.

Sunday, 21 July 2013

When To Harvest Fruit.

When To Harvest Fruit - Channel4 - 4Homes:

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Why gardening makes you HAPPIER!

Why gardening makes you HAPPIER: It can ward off depression, improve your mood and make you feel life is more worthwhile | Mail Online:
- Gardeners are less likely to display signs of depression
- Poll found 80 per cent of gardeners feel satisfied with their lives
- Only 67 per cent of non-gardeners feel the same way
Gardening falls into this category - it is good for both mental and physical health, and all social and age groups benefit. It provides a dose of nature.
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Wednesday, 17 July 2013

Огород. Пик сезона.

1. На огороде появляемся ранним утром или на закате. Днем +30!

I sowed today

- Pea Douce Provence is a compact growing variety that only reaches a height of 45cm.
Seeds germinate 7-10 days.

- Chicory, RadicchioPalla Rossa 2” -“Red ball”
It’s a perennial, so you once you establish your plants, you can harvest your radicchio for many more years.
Days to germination: 6 to 10 days
Days to harvest: 60 to 80 days
There are three different types of chicory 'forcing' chicory, red chicory or radicchio and 'non-forcing' chicory. 'Palla Rossa', or sometimes called 'Palla rossa Zorzi Precoce', is a radicchio with a delicate, tangy flavour. It is best planted later in the year as it colours better in cooler weather.
It’s a leafy salad green, and not related the radish even though the names are similar. Radicchio is also sometimes called Italian chicory to further complicate things, though it is closely related.
For a second fall crop, you can start another batch of seeds about 8 to 10 weeks before you expect to get the first frosts of winter
Don’t flood the plants.
Once they go to seed (bolt), the leaves will almost immediately get too bitter to eat.
- Cucumbers - Cucumis sativus.
Time between sowing and harvesting 12-14 weeks.

Sunday, 7 July 2013


Rat Tailed, Rat's Tail, Edible Podded Radish
Harvesting: 45 - 50 days to harvest.
Suggested Varieties:

'Rat's Tail' is the star of edible podded radishes. You may find seed that is simply labeled ‛Edible Podded' radish and it may have been some type of hybrid, but it should be very similar. ‛Munchen Bier' radish produces pungent pods as well as its long, white root.
Growing Tips:

Soil: Radishes like a faily neutral soil pH of around 6.0 to 7.0. Edible podded radishes are a bit more forgiving of soil because they are not forming underground bulbs.

Planting:There is little to be gained by starting 'Rat's Tail' radish seeds indoors. Wait until the ground has warmed, generally late spring, and direct seed about 1" deep. Thin plants to 18" apart.


These are sprawling plants with long, spindly stems. They will start to flop when the flowers open and really need some type of support to lean against. Unless your soil is very poor, you should not need any supplemental fertilizer. More important is regular water, at least 1 inch per week, especially while the pods are forming. Once the pods start forming. Keep them picked. Larger pods will get tough and unpalatable. If you keep harvesting, plants should continue to produce for 4-8 weeks. However to insure a long harvest, succession plant every 2-3 weeks.
If you plan to save seeds, do not let 'Rat's Tail' cross pollinate with conventional radish varieties.

Pests & Problems:

'Rat's Tail' is a quick grower and few pests attack the pods. Aphids can be a problem, but can be hosed off or controlled with insecticidal soap.

Wednesday, 3 July 2013

Подумать о завтра.

На грядках пора сеять черную, маргеланскую редьки, репу, дайкон и кольраби. Желательно успеть до 15, а дайкон, особенно не крупноплодный может и до 25 потерпеть. Для осеннего и ранневесеннего потребления посеять лук батун, а еще лучше гибрид батуна с репчатым – зелени больше и перо нежнее. Обязательно посеять укроп, кервель и кинзу!

Каждый клочок земли, который высвобождается от овощных и зеленных культур – сразу же накрывать мульчей или засевать. Нет нужды в повторных посевах – сейте сидераты.

Tuesday, 2 July 2013

Цитаты о саде-огороде.

"У отросших на 90-100 см молодых побегов малины прищипнуть макушки, удалить лишние побеги, оставляя на куст от 3 до 7 самых сильных. Вырезать отплодоносившие побеги на уровне почвы, удалить все побеги с признаками повреждения галлами." - Малину обрезают после сбора урожая, а макушки прищипывают при достижении молодых побегов 90 см высоты.

"Судя по погоде, придется после сбора урожая опрыскать настоем свежего навоза или сенной трухи."
Как их приготовить?
Сенную труху примерно 700-800 г заливают 10 л горячей воды и настивают 10-12 часов.
Свежий коровяк складывают в ведро на треть, заливают водой и настаивают 3-4 дня.
Дажее для опрыскивания берут 1 л настоя на 10 л воды.

Monty's favourite fruit.

Monty's favourite fruit - Plant features: Fruit & veg -

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How to Grow Your Own Food

Kitchen Gardening 101: How to Grow Your Own Food | Kitchen Gardeners International:
Choosing Garden Crops

The most important recommendation after “start small” is “start with what you like to eat.” This may go without saying, but I have seen first-year gardens that don’t reflect the eating habits of their growers — a recipe for disappointment. That said, I believe in experimenting with one or two new crops per year that aren’t necessarily favorites for the sake of having diversity in the garden and on our plates.

One of the easiest and most rewarding kitchen gardens is a simple salad garden. Lettuces and other greens don’t require much space or maintenance, and grow quickly. Consequently, they can produce multiple harvests in most parts of the country. If you plant a “cut-and-come-again” salad mix, you can grow five to 10 different salad varieties in a single row. And if you construct a cold frame (which can be cheap and easy if you use salvaged storm windows), you can grow some hearty salad greens year-round.

When it comes to natural flavor enhancers, nothing beats culinary herbs. Every year I grow standbys such as parsley, chives, sage, basil, tarragon, mint, rosemary and thyme, but I also make an effort to try one or two new ones. One consequence of this approach is that I end up expanding my garden a little bit each year, but that’s OK, because my skills and gastronomy are expanding in equal measure, as are my sense of satisfaction and food security.

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Monday, 1 July 2013

Richard Sandford.

A former chef (with a Michelin star) and wine merchant, he has turned half an acre of his Berkshire farm into a productive plot.
The immaculate plants are defended against deer and rabbits by a tall fence and the garden contains a polytunnel, large fruit cage and a central flower bed.
Espaliered pears and apples edge beds that rotate tightly packed crops of brassicas, herbs, salad and garlic, while great pylons of scrambling vines produce shelling beans for year-round use.
“Apparently, to grow good asparagus you must add 20 tons of manure per acre."
Tomatoes are rich in lycopene, which is believed to fight damaging free radicals in the body. Richard chooses dark-skinned varieties as the colour is an indication of high levels of antioxidants.
Parsley contains vitamins A and C and is believed to help prevent macular degeneration (i.e. loss of eyesight).
Onions are rich in the flavonoid quercetin, which has a variety of health benefits, while preliminary scientific studies at the Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center in New York suggest that garlic prevents breast and prostate cells from dividing, thus limiting tumour growth.
Horseradish contains thiocyanates which have been shown to provide some protection against cancer, while marjoram and thyme are respectively antioxidant and antiseptic.
So Richard produces the greenest chard, the most orange carrots, purple chillies, blueberries, blackberries, kale and asparagus, all to make up a richly coloured and flavoured diet.
The polytunnel is home to over 70 chillies including 'Hungarian Hot Wax’ and 'Aurora’.
It produces in excess of 250kg of tomatoes, such as 'Black Krim’, 'Purple Russian’ and 'Red Zebra’, which are eaten fresh, dried and preserved.
Home-made passata is a favourite, using 'Jersey Devil’ and 'Speckled Roman’ tomatoes. “We cook the tomatoes and strain off the juice to make tomato stock – nothing is wasted. And we also reduce passata with chilli and spice to make harissa paste,” he explains.
Roast tomato and garlic sauce, and tomato and chilli jam are favourites (see right). Sugar and salt are kept to a minimum while flavour is added with horseradish, black cumin and fresh herbs.
Japanese wineberry is the perfect example, the fruit tastes nice but you generally don’t get much of it. I put 12in (30cm) of seaweed and compost and clover mulch around the plants each year so I get sensible size fruit and lots of them.”
A gardener since the Seventies, Richard still regards the activity as fun. “I don’t plod away from year-to-year. I like to try out new things and experiment. One year I’ll plant 10 varieties of carrot, another I’ll do 10 different heritage shelling beans. Usually only a couple will be any good, but those I will grow again and I collect a lot of my own seeds as well.

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